In 1990, the STPs were established through three separate autonomous societies at Pune, Bangalore and Bhubaneswar, which were later, merged in June 1991 into a single corporate entity and in quick succession STPIs at Noida, Gandhi Nagar, Hyderabad and Thiruvananthapuram were established. These STPs were equipped with dedicated earth station equipment for providing Data Communication links.
The erstwhile Department of Electronics, Govt. of India with the support of World Bank had carried out a study on the opportunities presented by the Global IT Industry. This study identified the factors, very essential for the growth of the Software Industry and also compared the potential of the countries competing in the Global Market. Some of the factors which needed improvement were clearly identified from the study and STPI focused in improving those factors.
International Communication is one such factor which needed much attention and India was factored -2 as against +8 factored to Ireland. This is one of the primary reasons why STPI took up the responsibility of improving the International Data Communication facilities exclusively for the Software Export Industry. Even though the intention was not to become an International Carrier, but because of the better quality of service provided by STPI and with a high rate of acceptance from the Industry, STPI's International Data Communication Services have grown much beyond anybody's imagination. STPI has truly emerged as an unconventional International carrier within a short span of time and developed relationships with 26 International carrier companies worldwide.
Since 1996, the State Governments' started taking a very proactive role in promoting the IT industry. The Government of Maharashtra announced its first IT Policy in 1998. The success of STPI was not limited to the capital cities alone with STPI spreading it wings to secondary cities like Nagpur, Nashik, Aurangabad and Kolhapur in Maharashtra and is now spread to as many as 57 Locations all over India.